German Rottweiler breeders with rottweiler puppies for sale!

3100 Country Rd 210, Kingdom City, MO 65262  |  Telephone: 314-537-4543
Email Us: vbullenfeld@gmail.com  

Welcome to the
Vom Bullenfeld Rottweilers Website

Rottweiler History and Standard

Nicknames

Rottie
Rott
Weily

Country of origin

Germany

Traits

Weight

Male

≈50 kg (110 pounds)

Female

≈42 kg (93 pounds)

Height

Male

61 to 68 cm (24-27 inches)

Female

56 to 63 cm (22-25 inches)

Coat

Short, hard and thick

Color

Black and rust or black and a mahogany

Life span

8-10 years

Classification & standards

FCI

Group 2 Section 2 #147

ADRK

Group 2 Section 2 #147

AKC

Working

ANKC

Group 6 (Utility)

CKC

Group 3 - Working

KC (UK)

Working

NZKC

Utility

UKC

Guardian Dog

Standard of the German Rottweiler according to ADRK & FCI:
Utilization: Companion, service and working dog
Classifikation FCI: Group 2 (Pinscher and Schnauzer type, Molossian type and Swiss Mountain- and Cattle Dogs and other breeds) Section 2.1 Molossian type, Mastiff type with working trial.

Brief historical summary
The Rottweiler is considered to be one of the oldest dog breeds. Its origin goes back to Roman times. These dogs were kept as herder or driving dogs. They marched over the Alps with the Roman legions, protecting the humans and driving their cattle. In the region of Rottweil, these dogs met and mixed with the native dogs in a natural crossing. The main task of the Rottweiler now became the driving and guarding of the herds of cattle and the defence of their masters and their property. This breed acquired its name from the old free city of Rottweil and was known as the "Rottweil butcher's dog".

The butchers bred this type of dog purely for performance and usefulness. In due course, a first rate watch and driving dog evolved which could also be used as a draught dog. When, at the beginning of the twentieth century, various breeds were needed for police service, the Rottweiler was amongst those tested. It soon became evident that the breed was highly suitable for the tasks set by police service and therefore they were officially recognized as police dogs in 1910.

Rottweiler breeders aim at a dog of abundant strength, black coated with clearly defined rich tan markings, whose powerful appearance does not lack nobility and which is exceptionally well suited to being a companion, service and working dog.

STANDARD

General Appearance
The Rottweiler is a medium to large size, stalwart dog, neither heavy nor light and neither leggy nor weedy. His correctly proportioned, compact and powerful build leads to the conclusion of great strength, agility and endurance.

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Important Proportions
The length of the body, measured from the sternum (breast-bone) to the ischiatic tuberosity, should not exceed the height at the withers by, at most, 15 %.

Behaviour / Temperament
Good natured, placid in basic disposition and fond of children, very devoted, obedient, biddable and eager to work. His appearance is natural and rustic, his behaviour self assured, steady and fearless. He reacts to his surroundings with great alertness.

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Head
Cranial Region: 
Skull: Of medium length, broad between the ears. Forehead line moderately arched as seen from the side. Occipital bone well developed without being conspicious. 
Stop: Well defined. 

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Facial Region 
Nose: Nose well developed, more broad than round with relatively large nostrils, always black. 
Muzzle: The foreface should appear neither elongated nor shortened in relation to the cranial region. Straight nasal bridge, broad at base, moderately tapered. 
Lips: Black, close fitting, corner of the mouth not visible, gum as dark as possible. 
Jaws / Teeth: Upper and lower jaw strong and broad. Strong complete dentition (42 teeth) with scissor bite, the upper incisors closely overlapping the lower incisors. 
Cheeks: Zygomatic arches pronounced. 
Eyes: Of medium size, almond shaped, dark brown in colour. Eyelids close fitting. 
Ears: Medium-sized, pendant, triangular, wide apart, set on high. With the ears laid forward close to the head the skull appears to be broadened. 
Neck: Strong, of fair length, well muscled, slightly arched, free from throatiness, without dewlap. 

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Body 
Back: Straight, strong, firm. 
Loins: Short, strong and deep. 
Croup: Broad, of medium length, slightly rounded. Neither flat nor falling away. 
Chest: Roomy, broad and deep (approximately 50 % of the shoulder height) with well developed forechest and well sprung ribs. 
Belly: Flanks not tucked up. 
Tail: In natural condition, level in extension of the upper line; at ease may be hanging 

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Limbs 
Forequarters: Seen from the front, the front legs are straight and not placed too closely to each other. The forearm, seen from the side, stands straight. The slope of the shoulder blade is about 45 degrees to the horizontal. 
Shoulders: Well laid back. 
Upper arm: Close fitting to the body.
Forearm: Strongly developed and muscular. 
Pasterns: Slightly springy, strong, not steep. 
Front feet: Round, tight and well arched; pads hard; nails short, black and strong. 
Hindquarters: Seen from behind, legs straight and not too close together. When standing free, obtuse angles are formed between the dog`s upper thigh and the hip bone, the upper thigh and the lower thigh and the metatarsal.
Upper thigh: Moderately long, broad and strongly muscled. 
Lower thigh: Long, strongly and broadly muscled at top, sinewy. 
Hocks: Sturdy well angulated hocks; not steep. 
Hindfeet: Slightly longer than the front feet. Toes strong, arched, as tight as front feet. 

Gait 
The Rottweiler is a trotting dog. In movement the back remains firm and relatively stable. Movement harmonious, steady, full of energy and unrestricted, with good stride. 

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Skin 
Skin on the head: Overall tight fitting. When the dog is alert, the forehead may be slightly wrinkled.

Coat 
Hair: The coat consists of a top coat and an undercoat. The top coat is of medium length, coarse, dense and flat. The undercoat must not show through the top coat. The hair is a little longer on the hindlegs. 
Colour: Black with clearly defined markings of a rich tan on the cheeks, muzzle, throat, chest and legs, as well as over both eyes and under the base of the tail. 

Size and weight 

Heigtht at withers: For males is 61 - 68 cm. 
61 - 62 cm is small / 63 - 64 cm is medium height / 65 - 66 cm is large - correct height / 67 - 68 cm is very large 
Weight: approximately 50 kg 

Heigtht at withers: 
For bitches is 56 - 63 cm. 
56 - 57 cm is small / 58 - 59 cm is medium height / 60 - 61 cm is large - correct height / 62 - 63 cm is very large 
Weight: approximately 42 kg 

Faults 
Any departure from the foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree. 
General appearance: Light, weedy, leggy appearance. Light in bone and muscle. 
Head: Hound-type head. Narrow, light, too short, long or coarse head. Flat forehead (lack of stop or too little stop). 
Foreface: Long or pointed muzzle; split nose; Roman nose (convex nasal bridge) or dish-faced (concave nasal bridge); aquiline nose; pale or spotted nose (butterfly nose). 
Lips: Pendulous, pink or patchy; corner of lips visible. 
Jaws: Narrow lower jaw. 
Bite: Pincer bite. 
Cheeks: Strongly protruding. 
Eyes: Light, deep set. Also too full and round eyes; loose eye-lids. 
Ears: Set on too low, heavy, long, slack or turned backwards. Also flying ears or ears not carried symmetrically. 
Neck: Too long, thin, lacking muscle. Showing dewlap or throaty. 
Body: Too long, too short or too narrow. 
Back: Too long, weak; sway-back or roach back. 
Croup: Too sloping, too short, too flat or too long. 
Chest: Flat ribbed or barrel shaped. Too narrow behind. 
Tail: Set on too high or too low. 
Forequarters: Narrow or crooked front legs. Steep shoulder placement. Loose or out at elbow. Too long, too short or too straight in upper arm. Weak or steep pastern. Splayed feet. Too flat or too arched toes. Deformed toes. Light coloured nails. 
Hindquarters: Flat thighs, hocks too close, cow hocks or barrel hocks. Joints with too little or too much angulation. Dewclaws. 
Skin: Wrinkles on head 
Coat: Soft, too short or too long. Wavy coat; lack of undercoat.
Colour: Markings of incorrect colour, not clearly defined.. Markings which are too spread out. 

Eliminating Faults:
General: Distinct reversal of sexual type, i.e. feminine dogs or masculine bitches. 
Teeth: Overshot or undershot bite, wry mouth; lack of one incisive tooth, one canine, one premolar and one molar. 
Eyes: Entropion, ectropion, yellow eyes, different coloured eyes. 
Tail: Kink tail, ring tail, with strong lateral deviation 
Hair: Definitely long or wavy coat. 
Colour: Dogs which do not show the typical Rottweiler colouring of black with tan markings. White markings. 
Behaviour: Anxious, shy, cowardly, gun-shy, vicious, excessively suspicious, nervous animals. 
N.B.: Male animals must have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum. 

Rottweiler History

The Rottweiler, or Rottweil Metzgerhund (Butchers Dog), is a "medium to large size, stalwart dog" breed originating in Germany as a herding dog. It is a hardy and very intelligent breed. Rottweilers also worked as draught dogs, pulling carts to carry meat and other products to market. "Rottweiler breeders aim at a dog of abundant strength, black coated with clearly defined rich tan markings, whose powerful appearance does not lack nobility and which is exceptionally well suited to being a companion, service and working dog."

The Rottweiler was kept busy in these traditional roles until the mid-19th century when railroads replaced droving for getting livestock to market. Although there are still Rottweilers working stock all over the world, many other roles have been found for this versatile breed.

During the first and second World Wars, Rottweilers were put into service as guard dogs. Currently they are often used as guard and police dogs in addition to their traditional roles.

Description

Appearance

The breed is always black with clearly defined tan or mahogany markings above the eyes, on the cheeks, muzzle, chest and legs. The coat is medium length and consists of a waterproof undercoat and a coarse top coat. Rottweiler coats tend to be low maintenance, although they experience shedding during their periods. The skull is typically massive, but without excessive jowls.

Technically a "medium / large" breed, according to the FCI standard the Rottweiler stands 61 to 68 cm (24-27 inches) at the withers for males, and 56 to 62.5 cm (22-25 inches) for females, and the average weight is 50 kg (110 pounds) for males and 42 kg (93 pounds) for females.

Temperament

According to the FCI Standard, the typical Rottweiler is "good natured, placid in basic disposition and fond of children, very devoted, obedient, biddable and eager to work. His appearance is natural and rustic, his behaviour self assured, steady and fearless. He reacts to his surroundings with great alertness."

The Rottweiller ranks 9th in Stanley Coren's The Intelligence of Dogs, being one of the brightest 10 dogs ranked by obedience command trainability.

Rottweilers are not recommended for people who have little experience with dogs or understand little about dog psychology and responsible canine ownership. Obedience training and socialization are essential.

Rottweilers are an extremely powerful breed with well developed genetic guarding and herding instincts, and prey drive. As with any breed, potentially dangerous behaviour in Rottweilers results from irresponsible ownership, abuse, neglect, or lack of socialization. Because of their size, power and weight, an aggressive Rottweiler can cause a higher level of damage than a smaller, weaker dog. Injuries and maulings may occur when an owner or passerby tries to separate fighting dogs, or unintentionally triggers a guarding behavior in a dog.

The breed has received some negative publicity. In the US, the Rottweiler is the number one breed of dog named in fatal human attacks in 2000, in a report by the CDC. These reports must be read in the context of the breed's popularity as it was the most popular breed in the United States in the same period.

The portrayal of Rottweilers as evil dogs in several fictional films and TV series, most notably in The Omen, and sensationalist media hysteria has added to their negative publicity. This hysteria has led to Rottweilers being banned in some municipalities and are sometimes targeted as dangerous dogs by legislation, such as in the Netherlands and Portugal. However, some films have portrayed the gentler side of a Rottweiler's personality, including Lethal Weapon 3 where a Rottweiler guarding a gun smuggling operation is placated by one of the main characters with dog treats, and later rescued and de facto adopted.

Although an extremely versatile breed used in recent times for many other purposes, the Rottweiler is first and foremost one of the oldest, if not the oldest, of herding breeds. A multi-faceted herding and stock protection dog of exceptional ability, it is capable of working all kinds of livestock under a wide variety of conditions.

The breed is an ancient one, whose history stretches back to the Roman Empire. In those times, the legions traveled with their meat on the hoof and required the assistance of working dogs to herd the cattle. One route the army traveled was through Württemberg and on to the small market town of Rottweil. The principal ancestors of the first Rottweilers during this time was supposed to be the Roman droving dog, local dogs the army met on its travels, and dogs with molosser appearance coming from England and The Netherlands.

This region eventually became an important cattle area, and the descendants of the Roman cattle dogs proved their worth in both driving and protecting the cattle from robbers and wild animals. However, by the end of the 19th century, the breed had declined so much that in 1900 there was only one female to be found in the town of Rottweil.

The first Rottweiler club in Germany, named DRK ("Deutscher Rottweiler-Klub" — German Rottweiler Club) was created the 13 January 1907, and followed by the creation of the SDRK ("Süddeutscher Rottweiler-Klub" — South German Rottweiler Club) on the 27 April 1907 and became the IRK (International Rottweiler Club). The DRK counted around 500 Rottweiler, the SDRK 3000 Rottweilers. The goals of the two clubs were different. The DRK wanted to produce working dogs and did not emphasize the morphology of the Rottweiler. The main stud dog of this club was Lord von der Teck. The IRK tried to produce a homogeneous morphology according to their standard. One of the main stud dogs of this club was Ralph von Neckar.

The various German Rottweiler Clubs amalgamated to form the Allgemeiner Deutscher Rottweiller Klub - e.V (ADRK) which is recognised worldwide as the home club of the Rottweiler.

The build up to World War I saw a great demand for police dogs, and that led to a revival of interest in the Rottweiler. From that time the breed has become popular with dog owners, and in 1935 was officially recognized by the American Kennel Club. In 1936, Rottweilers were exhibited in Britain at Crufts. In 1966, a separate register was opened for the breed. In fact, in the mid 1990s, the popularity of the Rottweiler reached an all time high with it being the 1st most registered dog by the American Kennel Club.